Moles, Mole Hills, Moles Trapping, Mole Gassing – Worksop (Nottinghamshire)
The Mole can be found throughout mainland Britain but is absent from Ireland and some off-shore islands. It is found anywhere the soil is suitable for tunneling, but will avoid shallow or stony soil, waterlogged or very acidic soil. It can be found in permanent grasslands and deciduous woodlands and can also be found in playing fields, cemeteries, golf courses and private gardens.
Moles live in a tunnelling system underground and are solitary in their habits, living in tunnel systems which can cover an area of 400 – 2000 sq meters. Their main diet is earthworms but they will also eat other invertebrates like slugs and insect larvae. Most of their prey is caught when falling into their tunneling system which acts as a pitfall trap. They continuously patrol the tunnels with short rest periods, they will patrolling for 4 1/2 hours then resting for 312 hours.
Moles cause most damage with their mole hills which are unsightly on amenity and sporting grasslands, they cause uneven surfaces and deterioration of the sward by providing a seed bed for weeds. The molehills can also damage mowing machinery for obvious reasons and are unwelcome on expensive turf for golf and bowling greens. In agriculture, if the soil from molehills gets in to silage grass it can result in unpalatable silage and is a possible source of Listeriosis in sheep fed on silage. Damage can occur to arable crops and gardens when moles burrow under seedlings and plants causing wilting and death.
The breeding season is from February to June when there is usually one litter. After a 4 week gestation period the young are born blind and without fur. After 5 weeks they will leave the nest.Signs of Presence:
- Molehills: is the most common sign of the presence of moles. These are heaps of soil that the mole as excavated from their tunnelling system.
- Fortress: this is a large mound of soil where the mole makes a nest for breeding or sleeping, this is a lot larger then a normal molehill.
- Surface runs: These are shallow tunnels were the soil is pushed up to form a ridge on the surface of the ground.
- Trapping: in the right conditions we can use a verity of approved traps e.g. Duffus, Scissor mole traps.
- Gassing: We are qualified in the use of Aluminum phosphide but only use trapping methods as we consider it more humane.
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These notes are general advice, should you require further advice please contact PCS environmental services where a qualified technician will visit your premises to carry out a free survey.